GERMAN STUDIES REVIEW: Volume XXX, Number 3 (October 2007)
 
    German-Turkish Transnational Space: A Separate Space of Their Own

    Ayhan Kaya
    Istanbul Bilgi University, Center for Migration Research

    Most German-Turks have become transmigrants, who can literally and symbolically travel back and forth between their countries of destination and of origin. They have developed something new along the way. Molded by social, cultural, economic, and political imperatives of both countries, they have adopted a rather more vibrant set of identities—more cosmopolitan, syncretic, rhizomatic, and transnational. Agents of this transnational space, like hip-hop youth, are no longer migrants who left their homelands once upon a time to become entrapped in the confines of a remote land, but are also influencing social, political, economic, and cultural spheres of life in Turkey.
 
    Fontanes travestierte „Pucelle”: Irrungen, Wirrungen?

    Sylvain Guarda
    United States Naval Academy

    Is Theodor Fontane’s playful reference to Friedrich Schiller’s romantic drama The Maid of Orleans in the novel Irrungen, Wirrungen purely incidental as argued by Lieselotte Voss? The study takes a serious look at this claim, retracing the novelist’s life-long passion for Jeanne d’Arc and tying it to the masquerade at the core of Irrungen, Wirrungen. In light of Voltaire’s satirical Pucelle, the novel reveals itself as a travesty through which Fontane wages war on class snobbery and debases the aristocratic notion of heroism by making it accessible to the small bourgeoisie.
 
    Ethnic Drag in the Films of Doris Dörrie

    Heather Merle Benbow
    University of Melbourne

    Three films of the 1990s by director Doris Dörrie—Happy Birthday, Türke, Keiner liebt mich, and Erleuchtung garantiert—foreground the question of ethnic identity. These films are interpreted here with the aid of Katrin Sieg’s notion of “ethnic drag,” revealing the significance of scenes depicting ethnic mimicry and masquerade. When ethnicity is revealed as a performance, all too plausible to some gullible Germans, audiences are invited to reflect on ethnic stereotypes and the consumption of ethnic difference. Dörrie’s films are too hastily dismissed as entertainment without substance—this article contributes to the recent critical re-evaluation of the director’s work.
 
    Nietzsche’s Attempted Escape from Schopenhauer’s South Asian Sources in The Birth of Tragedy

    Robert Bruce Cowan
    Hunter College, The City University of New York

    Georg Simmel asked what Nietzsche’s debt to Schopenhauer exactly was and Martin Heidegger wondered whether Nietzsche succeeds in breaking out of traditional Western metaphysics. Nietzsche is unable to escape from the South Asian sources in Schopenhauer’s system to establish a response to nihilism that is both non-metaphysical and non-anthropomorphic for his thinking will always characterize itself as a negation of metaphysics. Nietzsche’s creation of a materialist teleology suffers from the same disjunction that Schopenhauer found between Will and eudemonia.
 
    Fantasies of African Conversion:
    The Construction of Missionary Colonial Desire in the Dramas of a Catholic Nun, Maria Theresa Ledóchowska (1863–1922)

    Cindy Brewer
    Brigham Young University

    For centuries colonial ambition has been represented in terms of male sexuality and power. Surprisingly, the Austrian nun Maria Theresa Ledóchowska employs an adaptation of this sexual metaphor in two dramas about the colonial ambitions of her missionary-minded heroines. In Die Prinzessin von Uganda (1915) and Weinkörbchen (1907), the dramatic action is propelled by romantic liaisons that develop within the racial, religious, and colonial context of the Catholic missions to Africa. But Ledóchowska’s plays arrest the romance just shy of its promised fulfillment. In this reconstructed colonial fantasy the sexual desire of conquest is deemed successful only when it remains unconsummated.
 
    “The Holy Desire to Serve the Poor and Tortured Fatherland”:
    German Women Motor Pilots of the Inter-War Era and Their Political Mission

    Evelyn Zegenhagen


    Between 1918 and 1945, women pilots were quantitatively and qualitatively much more prominent in Germany than previously known. They played an important role in the nation’s attempts to regain the technological, economic, and political status lost after World War I. Their success in the interwar years derived specifically from their apparent contradiction to the image of women as distant from technology and politics. German women pilots represented their nation as “flying ambassadors” all over the world while they camouflaged German rearmament in the 1920s, masked Nazi politics and crimes in the 1930s, and even participated in World War II efforts.
 
    Wunden/Wunder:
    On the Romantic Function of Blood and Wounds in the Later Brentano

    Sean Ireton
    University of Missouri-Columbia

    Brentano’s Romantic quest for das Wunderbare reaches a brutal extreme in his fixation on blood and wounds, two key motifs that recur throughout the second half of his writing career. The symbolic association between physical Wunden and divine Wunder figures most prominently in his religious poems as well as in the devotional prose piece Das bittere Leiden unsers Herrn Jesu Christi. The curious blend of religion and violence in these texts reveals that Brentano, in his own pious yet ruthless way, faithfully carries on the Romantic aesthetic that he first articulated in his programmatic Godwi novel of 1801.
 
    The Rhetoric of Passivity and the Challenge of Modernity in Schiller’s Die Braut von Messina

    Jennifer Driscoll Colosimo
    Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

    Schiller’s Die Braut von Messina has traditionally been seen as a stillborn hybrid of modern and Greek tragedy, a superfluous rehashing of the fraternal conflict of Die Räuber, and the unfortunate progenitor of German fate tragedy. The weaknesses of the plot in conception and execution are mitigated, however, by the interest aroused by the drama’s intricate rhetorical structuring, and the compelling thematization of language as a medium for enlightenment and cultural advancement. In Die Braut, Schiller showcases how the dramatis personae’s fatally maladaptive relationship to the spoken word and defensive rhetorical strategies result in a tragic failure to appreciate the demands of the modern moment. .
 
    The Anglo-American Krimi as German Kulturgeschichte

    Theodore Ziolkowski
    Princeton University

    Surprising roots of English-language detective stories in German cultural history (Kant, Grimm brothers, Freud). A jeu d'esprit.
 
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