German Studies Review: Volume 33, Number 2 (May 2010)
 
    Memory Gardens:
    Aesthetic Education and Political Emancipation in the Landschaftspark Duisburg-Nord

    Sarah Hemmings and Martin Kagel
    University of Georgia

    Designed around a disused Thyssen iron mill, Peter Latz’s Landschaftspark Duisburg-Nord is widely held to be one of the most important public park projects of the last decade. Fusing remnants of the former plant with innovative landscape design that integrates the historical memory of the site’s abuse, the park affords visitors the opportunity to reappropriate terrain once controlled by industry. However, emphasizing the sublime beauty of industrial ruins and highlighting individual encounters instead of the historical trajectory of economic exploitation, the design also obscures the site’s social significance, thus affirming rather than contesting the destructive logic of industrial production.
 
    Thus Spoke Zarathustra by... Albert Helman:
    The Image of Germany and the Germans in Dutch Clandestine Literature (1940–1945)

    Jeroen Dewulf
    University of California, Berkeley

    In no other country under German occupation during World War II was clandestine (resistance) literature more published than in the Netherlands. Although the literary quality of these books is generally poor, clandestine literature represents a unique perspective on the reaction by the Dutch resistance against Nazi propaganda. Particularly interesting is Albert Helman’s study of the German national character in his Tarnschrift: Aldus Sprak Zarathustra (1944).
 

    Dissonante Einheit. Zur Struktur von Marieluise Fleißers Mehlreisende Frieda Geier.
    Roman vom Rauchen, Sporteln, Lieben und Verkaufen
    (1931)

    Florian Gelzer
    University of Bern

    Marieluise Fleißer’s Mehlreisende Frieda Geier is regarded by now as one of the most remarkable novels written during the period of the Weimar Republic. However, both at the time of its publication and in subsequent scholarship, the structure of the work was criticized for being haphazard and ineffective. Responding to this criticism, this study reveals that Fleißer simply employed a set of specifically modern narrative strategies to organize her novel, such as seasonal changes, light-dark contrasts or repetitive patterns. This unusual technique lends the text a paradoxical “dissonant unity” and secures its place among the avant-garde of late 1920s literature.
 
    Postwar Ghosts: Heimatfilm and the Specter of Male Violence.
    Returning to the Scene of the Crime

    Jennifer Kapczynski
    Washington University

    Scholars of 1950s West German culture have long noted the numerous pacified male heroes that populate the era’s cinema, particularly the popular Heimatfilm genre. Yet closer attention to the genre reveals multiple masculine figures that exhibit intractable forms of aggression. These violent men, linked explicitly to the recent past, provided a key site for postwar efforts to address the consequences of war, not only through the specter of the militarized man who cannot stop killing, but also through his animal victims, which function as symbolic bodies that register the results of a wartime violence not yet contained.
 
    The Left Liberal Critique of Anarchism in Imperial Germany

    Elun Gabriel
    St. Lawrence University

    The problem of anarchist violence attracted much public attention in the Kaiserreich. Commentators across the political spectrum saw it as a symptom of modern society’s ills. Left liberals blamed the (Anti-)Socialist Laws and the subsequent wave of police repression for creating a German anarchist movement. They argued that a return to the rule of law and respect for the freedom of speech would eliminate anarchist terrorism. At the same time, they contended that anarchist ideas provided a valuable antidote to the near-universal enthusiasm for the expansion of state power, which was threatening individual liberty.
 
    Kafka on Minor Literature

    Lowell Edmunds
    Rutgers University

    Kafka scholars’ critique of Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari, Kafka: Pour une littérature mineure, no matter how successful, has left much of Kafka’s own thought on minor literature in the dark. A reading of the relevant diary entries which, prescinding from biographical questions, attempts to recover this thought, necessarily distinguishes between extrinsic and intrinsic properties of literature. The property most important to Kafka, liveliness (Lebhaftigkeit), straddles this distinction. Outside Kafka scholarship, Deleuze’s and Guattari’s political reading of Kafka lives on, as in Pascale Casanova’s La République mondiale des lettres. A critique of her interpretation of Kafka is offered.
 
    Constructed Space in the Late Middle Ages:
    Arnold von Harff’s Incidental Discovery of a New Paradigm of Urban Space in Cairo

    Albrecht Classen
    University of Arizona

    Recent discussions on living space and practiced space in medieval and early-modern cultures provide good theoretical concepts for a better understanding of some of the late-medieval German travelogues to the Holy Land, such as Arnold von Harff’s report from 1496 to 1498. Von Harff approached space differently in his descriptions of Cairo versus Jerusalem—an Islamic versus a Christian city—the religious orientation limited the urban space in the Christian world to a rigid time-space continuum, whereas Islamic cities offered considerable freedom for the Christian spectator to elaborate on new concepts of urban space determined primarily by political, mercantile, and social criteria.
 
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