German Studies Review: Volume 34 Number 1 (February 2011)
 
    Save the Hype: Nanotechnology in Antonia Fehrenbach’s Science Novel Der Lotus Effekt

    Paul A. Youngman
    University of North Carolina-Charlotte
    and
    Ljiljana Fruk
    Universität Karlsruhe

    More than any other emerging technology, nanotechnology exists within a vortex of written, spoken, and imagistic communication including scientific, philosophical, transhumanistic, artistic, political, and commercial discourse. The authors analyze this discourse in light of Der Lotus Effekt, a science novel by newcomer Antonia Fehrenbach. Her understated approach reflects a milder German and European tactic emphasizing the engineering of nanotechnological artifacts that adapt the world to the human body and mind, in contrast to the more transhumanistic U.S. approach involving the engineering of the human body and mind. With this conflict as a backdrop, the authors also analyze the constructed nature of nanoimagery in its political and commercial context.
 
    Constructing Heimat in the Ruhr Valley: Krupp Housing and the Search for the Ideal German Home 1914–1931

    Cedric Bolz
    University of British Columbia and Kwantlen Polytechnic University

    Few German history topics have garnered as much attention as the nuanced meaning of Heimat and the controversial past of the Krupp steel firm. This article examines their historical intersection in the housing realm. Between 1914 and 1931, when the impact of World War I entirely reframed the housing question, Heimat advocates like Hermann Muthesius and Paul Schultze-Naumburg used examples of Krupp estates to depict their vision of the ideal German home. These historically neglected Krupp settlements were hybrids of vernacular and modern influences and served as signiflicant precursors to the dominant Kleinsiedlung housing still dotting the German landscape.
 
    Multiple Pseudonymities: The Affinity by Choice between Kurt Tucholsky and Kaspar Hauser

    Birgit Linder
    City University of Hong Kong

    While Kurt Tucholsky (1890–1935) was a prolific writer in a variety of genres, some have charged him with melancholy ineffectiveness in combating the force of National Socialism during the Weimar Republic. Others saw in Tucholsky an outspoken prophet of his time. Beyond the political debate about the role of a writer, Tucholsky’s identification with the legendary Kaspar Hauser figure reveals an alienated Lebensgefühl that shaped a powerful relationship between literature and life. This fictional kinship between Tucholsky and Hauser sheds light on the complexity of Weimar and stands for a witty yet solemn call for a spirit of common and inclusive humanity.
 
    Heinrich Heine’s Transparent Masks: Denominational Politics and the Poetics of Emancipation in Nineteenth-Century Germany and France

    Ari Joskowicz
    Vanderbilt University

    Anti-Catholicism was integral to Heine’s poetics, which emerged in the context of German denominational conflicts of the 1820s and 1830s. One of the most successful anti-Catholic polemicists of German literature, Heine reinforced denominational stereotypes while also mocking their exclusionary consequences. Writing first in a German context, he worked with his readers’ knowledge that he was a converted Jew taking on the role of a Protestant critic of Catholicism. After his move to France in 1831, he felt compelled to introduce this knowledge to French readers, who sometimes perceived him simply as a German Lutheran.
 
    The Beauty of Enervation: Woman, India, and the Anxiety of System in Hegel’s Philosophy

    Nicholas A. Germana
    Keene State College

    In Hegel’s systematic account of the unfolding of World-Spirit, woman and India exist prior to, and outside of, the daylight of reason, which illuminates life in the modern rational state. The existence of these “Others” poses an inescapable threat to the modern western male observer. If he is not armed with the weapon of rationality, he is in danger of being overwhelmed by the alluring sexual power of the flowery Orient or the seductive woman. By continually denying the “Other,” a share of the “self-cognizant” life of the modern world, Hegel reveals the anxiety at the foundation of his system.
 
    Warum liebt der Verfolger seinen Verfolgten?
    Zum ‚Konzept’ der politisch subversiven Gleichgeschlechtlichkeit bei Josef Mühlberger

    Lukáš Motycka
    Univerzita Palackého, Olomouc

    Are the texts written by Josef Mühlberger dealing with war experience really texts about war? And if they are, to what extent are they a relevant testimony about war events? Scholars have rarely focused on these questions. Based on the analysis of the story The Partisan this paper shows that political content in Mühlberger’s work is used to present problems and the camouflaged discussion of homosexual intimacy.
 
    Scandals of Translation: Cannibalism and the Limits of Colonial Authority in the Trial of Iringa (1908)

    David D. Kim
    Michigan State University

    Shortly after Christmas Eve 1908, three colonial officers faced the unprecedented challenge of sentencing 10 cannibals in German East Africa. Without appropriate laws and linguistic skills in hand, they relied on legal interpretations and linguistic translations to reach a verdict that they believed was symbolic of the universality of German imperial orders. Yet, their intercultural, judicial, and multilingual manipulations rendered the promising trial into a scandalous mistrial, exposing serious limits of German colonial authority. As the mistrial turned out, the indigenous defendants were no man-eaters; the only cannibals, in a metaphorical sense, were the German colonizers themselves.
 
    Elective Affinities in German Literature and Sociology: Storm and Tönnies

    Niall Bond
    Université de Lyon

    The paternal relationship of Theodor Storm to Ferdinand Tönnies gave rise to a remarkable symbiosis of literature and social theory. While Tönnies’ social philosophy was enriched by Storm’s Geisteswelt of romanticism, realism, and such currents as the cultural pessimism of Schopenhauer, whose acquaintance Tönnies made through Storm, Storm’s last works drew on Tönnies’ earliest reflections on intellectual history. From under the shadow of the naturalist norms of Social Darwinism, their elective affinity falsified naturalist premises in Tönnies’ sociology when Tönnies’ theory of Gemeinschaft is contemplated against the backdrop of the communion he chose with Storm as a substitute father.
 
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